When we discuss the issue of creating a sports field or caring for a yard using artificial turf, we usually think of the first phase of its introduction in the 1950s and 60s. Artificial turf began life in the 1950s when a safe carpet-style covering was created for inner-city schools and playing fields that had little funding. In the present day, the artificial turf used by sports teams around the world has grown in technology, as they provide comfort, durability, and enhanced performance.
Artificial turf had its heyday in the 1960s following the opening of the Astrodome in Houston, Texas. The building was unable to support the growth of traditional grass and soon, empty patches appeared that were painted green for effect as different options were explored for stimulating the growth of natural grass. Eventually, the owners of the Astrodome turned to artificial turf created by using nylon fibers that proved durable, but lacked the performance of traditional grass. Players would also complain about the discomfort caused by the first options in artificial turf.
In the present day, we can see there is more science associated with the use of artificial turf than there was in the past. The companies that have been working on the development of artificial turf in the last few decades are constantly looking for new ways of improving their products and begin with the preparation stages of the installation process. A unique drainage system is created for each area where artificial turf is being installed that brings together areas of broken stone and rock carrying water away from the field in an effective drainage system.
The creation and makeup of the latest forms of artificial turf we saw being used by professional athletes around the world has changed when compared to the early incarnations of artificial turf. The latest form of artificial turf is created much like the shag carpets of the past, with polyethylene fibers replacing the fabric used in carpet construction. The polyethylene fibers are created in a u-shape before they are woven into a geotextile backing that adds to its durability.
Once it has been constructed, the artificial turf carpet is then installed by laying it in sections on the prepared field before markings are added. Infill is used in the form of rubber pellets that we believe make the turf feel and perform more naturally for sports such as soccer and football.
The development of artificial turf has come a long way in the past few decades and will only continue to improve throughout the years.